Encaustic paint, a mixture of pigment, beeswax and dammar resin, dates to the 5thcentury B.C. and was originally used in Greece to decorate ships, in portraiture, and to polychrome statuary. The best-known examples are the Fayum funeral portraits made in the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D.
Kept molten on a heated palette, encaustic begins to cool and thus harden the moment it leaves the heat source.
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